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Chili Pepper and Hot Sauce Scoville Scale

THE SCOVILLE SCALE FOR CHILI PEPPERS

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The Scoville scale and the heatmeter list numerous chili pepper varieties sorted by their pungency and their capsaicin content in Scoville Heat Units (SHU). We have a simple scoville scale image and a detailed searchable and interactive html5 scoville scale table.

History

The Scoville scale exists since 1912 and was invented by the American pharmacologist Wilbur Scoville. It serves to determine the degree of pungency of fruits of the genus Capsicum, which includes peppers and chilis. The Scoville scale was originally based on the so-called Scoville Organoleptic Test developed by Wilbur Scoville. Here, a sample of chili was prepared and repeatedly diluted with water until the test subjects no longer felt any heat. The degree to which the subjects could (subjectively) taste no more heat in the sample was called SHU (Scoville Heat Units). Of course, no subjective tests will be carried out today.

Determination of the Scoville Heat Units of fruits of the genus Capsicum

The degree of pugency of a chili is determined today by means of modern high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). This method recognizes the capsaicinoids responsible for the pungency, such as capsaicin and dihydro-capsaicin, and determines their concentration reliably. The result of an HPLC test is given in the ASTA severity level, but this can be converted by a formula into the usual SHU value.

Hottest Chili Pepper in the World

The world’s hottest chili pepper is the Carolina Reaper. It measures 1.5 Million up to 2.2 Million Scoville Heat Units. A full list of the world record holders and the history of world’s hottest pepper can be found in the article Hottest Chili Pepper in the World.

Scoville Scale

Scoville Scale

Scoville Heat UnitsScoville Heat LevelChili PepperCapsicum Species
1,500,000 - 2,200,000 SHU10+++Carolina Reaper (HP22B, Smokin' Ed's Carolina Reaper)Capsicum Chinense
1,500,000 - 2,009,231 SHU10+++Trinidad Moruga Scorpion (Moruga, Moruga Scorpion, Trinidad Moruga Scorpion Red)Capsicum Chinense
1,000,000 - 1,853,936 SHU10+++Chocolate 7 Pot (7 Pot Douglah)Capsicum Chinense
1,200,000 - 1,590,000 SHU10+++Katie (7 Pot Katie)Capsicum Chinense
1,100,000 - 1,469,000 SHU10++Trinidad 7 Pot Primo (Primo, 7 Pot Primo)Capsicum Chinense
800,000 - 1,463,700 SHU10++Butch T (Trinidad Scorpion Butch Taylor)Capsicum Chinense
500,000 - 1,400,000 SHU10++Komodo Dragon (British Komodo Dragon)Capsicum Chinense
500,000 - 1,390,000 SHU10++Trinidad Red Scorpion (Trinidad Scorpion, Scorpion Pepper)Capsicum Chinense
600,000 - 1,382,118 SHU10++Naga ViperCapsicum Chinense
900,000 - 1,359,284 SHU10++Lucy (7 Pot Lucy)Capsicum Chinense
900,000 - 1,300,000 SHU10++7 Pot BarrackporeCapsicum Chinense
800,000 - 1,200,000 SHU10+7 Pot JonahCapsicum Chinense
800,000 - 1,200,000 SHU10+Brain Strain (7 Pot Brain Strain)Capsicum Chinense
700,000 - 1,200,000 SHU10+Yellow Brain Strain (7 Pot Brain Strain Yellow)Capsicum Chinense
500,000 - 1,191,595 SHU10+New Mexico ScorpionCapsicum Chinense
500,000 - 1,120,000 SHU10+Bedfordshire Super NagaCapsicum Chinense
500,000 - 1,100,000 SHU10+7 PotCapsicum Chinense
600,000 - 1,086,844 SHU10+Spanish Naga (Naga Gibraltar)Capsicum Chinense
500,000 - 1,067,286 SHU10+Infinity Chili (Infinity Pepper)Capsicum Chinense
750,000 - 1,066,882 SHU10+7 Pot Madballz (Madballz Pepper)Capsicum Chinense
600,000 - 1,041,427 SHU10+Bhut Jolokia, Ghost Pepper (Bih Jolokia, Naga Jolokia, Ghost, Geisterchili, Red Naga, U-morok, Bombai Morich, Raja Mirch, Saga Jolokia, Indian Mystery Chili, Indian Rough Chili , Tezpur Chili)Capsicum Chinense
500,000 - 1,001,300 SHU10+Bhut Jolokia Chocolate (Naga Jolokia Chocolate, Chocolate Ghost Pepper, Brown Naga)Capsicum Chinense
855,000 - 1,000,000 SHU10+7 Pot Armageddon (Armageddon)Capsicum Chinense
840,000 - 1,000,000 SHU10+7 Pot Bubblegum (Bubblegum, 7 Pot BBG)Capsicum Chinense
800,000 - 1,000,000 SHU10+7 Pot White (White Seven Pot)Capsicum Chinense
700,000 - 1,000,000 SHU10+Trinidad Orange Scorpion (Orange Trinidad, Trinidad Scorpion Orange)Capsicum Chinense
600,000 - 1,000,000 SHU10+Naga Morich (Dorset Naga)Capsicum Chinense
450,000 - 900,000 SHU10+Raja Mirch (Synonym for Bhut Jolokia, SHU measurement from India)Capsicum Chinense
500,000 - 850,000 SHU10+Trinidad 7 Pot Cardi (7 Pot Cardi, CARDI)Capsicum Chinense
450,000 - 600,000 SHU107 Pot Yellow (Trinidad 7 Pot Yellow)Capsicum Chinense
400,000 - 600,000 SHU10Trinidad Yellow ScorpionCapsicum Chinense
250,000 - 577,000 SHU10Red Savina (Habanero Red Savina)Capsicum Chinense
400,000 - 500,000 SHU10Devil's Tongue Chocolate (Brown Devil's Tongue)Capsicum Chinense
350,000 - 500,000 SHU10Devil's Tongue RedCapsicum Chinense
300,000 - 500,000 SHU10Habanero Francisca (Habanero Francisca Orange)Capsicum Chinense
300,000 - 500,000 SHU10Habanero Chocolate (Brown Habanero)Capsicum Chinense
150,000 - 500,000 SHU10Fatalii Peach (Peach Fatalii)Capsicum Chinense
150,000 - 500,000 SHU10Fatalii White (White Fatalii)Capsicum Chinense
125,000 - 500,000 SHU10Fatalii Yellow (Yellow Fatalii)Capsicum Chinense
100,000 - 500,000 SHU10Adjuma (Aji Umba, Adjoema, Ojemma)Capsicum Chinense
100,000 - 500,000 SHU10Fatalii Red (Red Fatalii)Capsicum Chinense
300,000 - 450,000 SHU10Black Congo PepperCapsicum Chinense
300,000 - 445,000 SHU10Caribbean RedCapsicum Chinense
300,000 - 400,000 SHU10Devil's Tongue YellowCapsicum Chinense
300,000 - 400,000 SHU10Hot Paper LanternCapsicum Chinense
300,000 - 400,000 SHU10Habanero GoldenCapsicum Chinense
300,000 - 400,000 SHU10Habanero White BulletCapsicum Chinense
250,000 - 400,000 SHU10Red Congo PepperCapsicum Chinense
150,000 - 350,000 SHU10Habanero Red (Red Habanero)Capsicum Chinense
150,000 - 350,000 SHU10Madame Jeanette (Suriname Yellow)Capsicum Chinense
100,000 - 350,000 SHU10Habanero OrangeCapsicum Chinense
100,000 - 350,000 SHU10Habanero PeachCapsicum Chinense
100,000 - 350,000 SHU10Habanero MustardCapsicum Chinense
100,000 - 350,000 SHU10Habanero WhiteCapsicum Chinense
200,000 - 330,000 SHU10Tiger Paw (Tiger Paw Habanero, Orange Tiger Paw)Capsicum Chinense
150,000 - 325,000 SHU10Scotch Bonnet RedCapsicum Chinense
150,000 - 325,000 SHU10Habanero Big SunCapsicum Chinense
100,000 - 325,000 SHU10Burkina Yellow (Habanero Burkina Yellow, Burkina Scotch Bonnet)Capsicum Chinense
130,000 - 310,000 SHU10Habanero Yellow (Gelbe Habanero)Capsicum Chinense
200,000 - 300,000 SHU10Habanero Orange DevilCapsicum Chinense
200,000 - 300,000 SHU10Habanero Peruvian WhiteCapsicum Chinense
125,000 - 300,000 SHU10Scotch Bonnet OrangeCapsicum Chinense
125,000 - 300,000 SHU10Scotch Bonnet YellowCapsicum Chinense
150,000 - 300,000 SHU10Yellow Congo PepperCapsicum Chinense
100,000 - 300,000 SHU10Bahamian Goat Pepper (Bahamian Pepper)Capsicum Chinense
100,000 - 300,000 SHU10Datil (Datil Pepper)Capsicum Chinense
100,000 - 300,000 SHU10Billy GoatCapsicum Chinense
100,000 - 250,000 SHU10Jamaican Hot Red (Red Jamaican Hot Pepper)Capsicum Chinense
50,000 - 250,000 SHU9Scarlet Lantern (Peru Scarlet Lantern)Capsicum Chinense
50,000 - 250,000 SHU9Pimenta de Neyde (Pimenta da Neyde)Capsicum Chinense
100,000 - 225,000 SHU9Jamaican Hot YellowCapsicum Chinense
100,000 - 225,000 SHU9Bird's Eye (Bird Pepper, Bird Eye Chili) (Note: the name is used for several bird pepper varieties)Capsicum Frutescens
80,000 - 125,000 SHU9Carolina Cayenne Red (Carolina Cayenne Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
50,000 - 110,000 SHU9Tabiche PepperCapsicum Annuum
80,000 - 100,000 SHU9Basket of FireCapsicum Annuum
70,000 - 100,000 SHU9Pico De Pajaro (Cola de Rata, Rat's Tail, Bird's Peak)Capsicum Annuum
70,000 - 100,000 SHU9Charleston Hot (Charleston Hot Red, Charleston Hot Cayenne)Capsicum Annuum
60,000 - 100,000 SHU9Diablo Grande PepperCapsicum Annuum
50,000 - 100,000 SHU9Yellow BumpyCapsicum Chinense
50,000 - 100,000 SHU9ChupetinhaCapsicum Chinense
50,000 - 100,000 SHU9Aji LimoCapsicum Chinense
50,000 - 100,000 SHU9Indian PC-1Capsicum Frutescens
50,000 - 100,000 SHU9Thai Chili (Note: the name is used for several Thai pepper varieties)Capsicum Annuum
50,000 - 100,000 SHU9Tepin (Chiltepin, Chiltecpin, Chil Tepin)Capsicum Annuum var, glabriusculum
50,000 - 100,000 SHU9Pequin (Piquin, Pee-keen)Capsicum Annuum var, glabriusculum
60,000 - 90,000 SHU8Malagueta (Mala, Malaguetinha)Capsicum Frutescens
50,000 - 90,000 SHU8Diablo GrandeCapsicum Annuum
35,000 - 90,000 SHU8Thai DragonCapsicum Annuum
45,000 - 75,000 SHU8Tien TsinCapsicum Annuum
30,000 - 75,000 SHU8Rocoto Peron (Rocoto Peron Rojo, Red Tree Pepper)Capsicum Pubescens
30,000 - 75,000 SHU8Rocoto Rojo (Aji Rojo, Red Tree Pepper)Capsicum Pubescens
30,000 - 75,000 SHU8Rocoto Amarillo (Rocoto Manzano Amarillo, Chile Manzano Amarillo, Aji Amarillo, Tree Pepper)Capsicum Pubescens
30,000 - 75,000 SHU8Rocoto Canario (Locoto Canario, Yellow Rocoto, Yellow Tree Pepper)Capsicum Pubescens
30,000 - 75,000 SHU8Rocoto de Seda (De Seda, Chile de Seda, Tree Pepper)Capsicum Pubescens
30,000 - 60,000 SHU7Bangalore Whippet's TailCapsicum Frutescens x Capsicum Annuum
40,000 - 50,000 SHU7Jalapeño NuMex Pinata (NuMex Pinata)Capsicum Annuum
30,000 - 50,000 SHU7MarabaCapsicum Chinense
30,000 - 50,000 SHU7Aji CharapitaCapsicum Chinense
30,000 - 50,000 SHU7Capsicum EximiumCapsicum Eximium
30,000 - 50,000 SHU7Rocoto Manzano (Chile Manzano)Capsicum Pubescens
30,000 - 50,000 SHU7Cayenne (Red Cayenne, De Cayenna)Capsicum Annuum
30,000 - 50,000 SHU7SantakaCapsicum Annuum
30,000 - 50,000 SHU7Prik Kee Nu (Prik Kee Noo, พริกขี้หนู "Mäusekot Chili")Capsicum Frutescens
30,000 - 50,000 SHU7Tabasco (Greenleaf Tabasco)Capsicum Frutescens
20,000 - 50,000 SHU7Pimenta de Cheiro (Note: the name is used for several Brazilian pepper varieties)Capsicum Chinense
15,000 - 30,000 SHU6Lemon Drop (Hot Lemon, Aji Limon, Aji Lemon)Capsicum Baccatum
15,000 - 30,000 SHU6Aji ColoradoCapsicum Baccatum
15,000 - 30,000 SHU6Aji PineappleCapsicum Baccatum
15,000 - 30,000 SHU6Criola SellaCapsicum Baccatum
15,000 - 30,000 SHU6Mushroom Red (Red Mushroom Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
15,000 - 30,000 SHU6De Arbol (Chile de Arbol, De árbol, Spanish Tree Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
5,000 - 30,000 SHU6Royal BlackCapsicum Annuum
5,000 - 30,000 SHU6Maule's Red Hot (Maule's Red, Lady Finger)Capsicum Annuum
10,000 - 25,000 SHU6SerranoCapsicum Annuum
10,000 - 25,000 SHU6Chungyang Red (Red Chungyang Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
5,000 - 15,000 SHU5Bishop's Crown (Bishops Crown)Capsicum Baccatum
5,000 - 10,000 SHU5Chipotle (Smoked Jalapeño, Roasted Jalapeño Peppers)Capsicum Annuum
5,000 - 10,000 SHU5Hungarian Hot Wax (Hot Wax, Wax Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
5,000 - 10,000 SHU5Aleppo (Halaby pepper, Aleppo Pepper, Pul Biber, Fulful Ḥalabī)Capsicum Annuum
2,500 - 10,000 SHU5FresnoCapsicum Annuum
2,500 - 8,000 SHU5JalapeñoCapsicum Annuum
2,000 - 8,000 SHU5Jalapeño Deep Purple (Purple Jalapeño)Capsicum Annuum
4,000 - 6,000 SHU5Jalapeño EarlyCapsicum Annuum
2,500 - 5,000 SHU4Guajillo (Guajillo Pepper, Mexican Guajillo, Guajilla)Capsicum Annuum
2,500 - 5,000 SHU4NuMex Mirasol (Mirasol)Capsicum Annuum
2,500 - 5,000 SHU4Hot Cherry Pepper (Cherry Pepper, Hot Cherry Pepper, Hungarian Cherry Pepper, Hungarian Cherry)Capsicum Annuum
1,000 - 5,000 SHU4CandlelightCapsicum Annuum
1,500 - 4,000 SHU4Ancho San Luis (Mexican Large)Capsicum Annuum
1,000 - 3,000 SHU3Cherry Bomb (Cherry Bomb Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
1,500 - 2,500 SHU3NuMex Sandia (Sandia Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
1,500 - 2,500 SHU3Cascabel (Rattle Pepper, Mexican Cascabel Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
500 - 2,500 SHU3Anaheim (Magdalena, California Chile, Chile Seco Del Norte, New Mexico Chile Pepper Cultivar No, 9)Capsicum Annuum
500 - 2,500 SHU3NuMex Big Jim (Big Jim, NuMex Heritage Big Jim)Capsicum Annuum
1,000 - 2,000 SHU2Poblano (Ancho Pepper, Ancho Poblano)Capsicum Annuum
1,000 - 2,000 SHU2Pasilla (Pasilla Pepper, Chilaca, Chile Negro)Capsicum Annuum
1,000 - 1,500 SHU2Alma Pepper (Alma Csipös)Capsicum Annuum
1,000 – 1,5002Espanola (New Mexico Espanola Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
700 - 1,500 SHU2VulcanoCapsicum Annuum
1,000 - 1,200 SHU2PeppadewCapsicum Baccatum
700 - 1,000 SHU1CoronadoCapsicum Annuum
500 - 1,000 SHU1NuMex SunriseCapsicum Annuum
500 - 1,000 SHU1NuMex ConquistadorCapsicum Annuum
100 - 1,000 SHU1Cubanelle PepperCapsicum Annuum
500 - 1,000 SHU1NuMex Joe E, ParkerCapsicum Annuum
0 - 1,000 SHU1Golden Greek (Golden Greek Peperoncino, Greek Peperoni)Capsicum Annuum
500 - 850 SHU1NuMex Suave RedCapsicum Chinense
500 - 830 SHU1NuMex Suave OrangeCapsicum Chinense
500 - 750 SHU1Santa Fe Grande (Guero Chili Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
100 - 500 SHU1Aji Dulce AmarilloCapsicum Chinense
100 - 500 SHU1Aji Dulce (Aji Cachucha, Ajicito, Ají Gustoso)Capsicum Chinense
100 - 500 SHU1Pepperoncini (Peperoncino, Italian Sweet Pepper, Tuscan Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
0 - 500 SHU1Trinidad PerfumeCapsicum Chinense
0 - 500 SHU1Gorria (Piment d'Espelette, Ezpeletako Biperra, Biper)Capsicum Annuum
0 - 500 SHU1Lombardo (Lombardo Peperoni)Capsicum Annuum
0 - 500 SHU1Friggitello (Friggitelli, Italian Piemento, Sweet Italian Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
50 - 200 SHU1Shishito (Shishitōgarashi, Japanese Pimiento, Shishito Pepper, 獅子唐辛子)Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU0Capsicum Rhomboideum (Former: Capsicum Cilliatum, Witheringia Ciliata)Capsicum Rhomboideum
0 SHU0Minibell Chocolate (Minibell Brown, Brown Snack Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU0Minibell Orange (Orange Snack Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU0Minibell Red (Red Snack Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU0Sweet Sunshine (Sweet Sunshine Trailing Pepper)Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU0Süßer NaschzipfelCapsicum Annuum
0 SHU0Corno di Toro RossoCapsicum Annuum
0 SHU0Corno di Toro GialloCapsicum Annuum
0 SHU0California WonderCapsicum Annuum
0 SHU0Yolo WonderCapsicum Annuum
0 SHU0Bell PepperCapsicum Annuum
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